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JT’s sales well down in April

| May 16, 2014

Japan Tobacco Inc’s domestic cigarette sales volume during April, at 6.7 billion, was down by 30.2 per cent on that of April 2013, 9.6 billion, according to preliminary figures issued by the company today. The April 2013 figure was increased by 3.2 per cent on that of April 2012.

Volume during January-April 2014, at 37.1 billion, was up by 1.8 per cent on that of January-April 2013, 36.4 billion, which was down by 1.1 per cent on that of January-April 2012. (JT is in the process of changing its accounting year from April-March to January-December and this is the first time that, in presenting its monthly sales figures, it has given year-to-date figures calculated from January 1.)

JT’s market share stood at 59.1 per cent during April and at 61.0 per cent for the full year 2013.

JT’s domestic cigarette revenue during April, at ¥37.9 billion, was down by 28.5 per cent from its April 2013 revenue, ¥53.0 billion.

Revenue during January-April 2014, at ¥204.5 billion, was increased by 2.0 per cent on that of January-April 2013, ¥200.6 billion.

Industry drones on about smuggling

| May 16, 2014

A Lithuanian home-made drone ‘detained’ in Russia’s Kaliningrad region last week had been used in an attempt to smuggle cigarettes into Russia, Oleg Dzhurayev, the press service chief of the Kaliningrad border department of the Russian Federal Security service, told ITAR-TASS on Wednesday.

The drone, which was said to have been used by a Russian-Lithuanian criminal group, reportedly had a wingspan of about four meters that allowed it to carry a load of more than 10 kg.

The radio-controlled drone included a GPS system for navigation that made it possible for the drone operator to control its flight with a 3D card.

Details of the drone’s flight were sketchy and it was not explained how the authorities became aware of its presence.

The Kaliningrad border department was said to be checking whether the drone could have been used for other nefarious purposes within Russian territory.

Lorillard declares quarterly dividend

| May 16, 2014

Lorillard has declared a quarterly dividend on its common stock of $0.615 per share.

The dividend is payable on June 10 to stockholders of record as of May 30.

Children exposed on U.S. tobacco farms

| May 15, 2014

Children working on tobacco farms in the U.S. are exposed to nicotine, toxic pesticides and other dangers, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said in a report released yesterday.

“While U.S. law prohibits the sale of tobacco products to children, children can legally work on tobacco farms in the U.S.,” HRW said in a press note announcing the report. “The world’s largest tobacco companies buy tobacco grown on U.S. farms, but none have child labor policies that sufficiently protect children from hazardous work.”

The 138-page report, Tobacco’s hidden children: Hazardous child labor in US tobacco farming, documents conditions for children working on tobacco farms in four states where 90 percent of U.S. tobacco is grown: North Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia.

“Children reported vomiting, nausea, headaches and dizziness while working on tobacco farms, all symptoms consistent with acute nicotine poisoning,” HRW said. “Many also said they worked long hours without overtime pay, often in extreme heat without shade or sufficient breaks, and wore no, or inadequate, protective gear.”

The report is based on interviews with 141 child tobacco workers, ages 7 to 17.

“As the school year ends, children are heading into the tobacco fields, where they can’t avoid being exposed to dangerous nicotine, without smoking a single cigarette,” said Margaret Wurth, children’s rights researcher at HRW and co-author of the report. “It’s no surprise the children exposed to poisons in the tobacco fields are getting sick.”

Children working in tobacco farming faced other serious risks as well, HRW said. “They may use dangerous tools and machinery, lift heavy loads and climb several stories without protection to hang tobacco in barns,” it added. “Children also reported that tractors sprayed pesticides in nearby fields. They said the spray drifted over them, making them vomit, feel dizzy and have difficulty breathing and a burning sensation in their eyes.”

The full report is at http://hrw.org/node/125316.

Meanwhile, Philip Morris International welcomed the HRW report and made the point that the abuses uncovered on farms in the U.S. should not occur anywhere.

“This report uncovers serious child labor abuses that should not occur on any farm, anywhere,” said CEO André Calantzopoulos in a note posted on PMI’s website. “Human Rights Watch acknowledges the work PMI has done to address these issues through our Agricultural Labor Practices (ALP) global program to reach nearly half a million smallholder farmers. However, more work remains to be done to eliminate child and other labor abuses in tobacco growing. We are grateful to Human Rights Watch for bringing these issues to light, recognizing the steps we have made to constructively engaging with others to find real and lasting solutions.”

PMI’s response is at http://www.pmi.com/eng/media_center/press_releases/Pages/201405140648.aspx.

This is not a new story. In November, a report by Gabriel Thompson and Mariya Strauss for The Nation warned that, in the U.S., children as young as 12 were allowed to work on tobacco farms, performing backbreaking labor and putting their health and lives at risk.

And it is by no means confined to the U.S. According to a piece by Jill Stark published in the Sydney Morning Herald in October, Australia’s cigarette trade was “propped up by the exploitation of children.” Stark wrote that “new figures” had revealed that $16 million worth of tobacco was imported annually from countries where “cheap child labor” was used to produce the crop.

E-cigarettes help asthmatic smokers

| May 15, 2014

A new study published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health indicates that asthmatic smokers who use e-cigarettes experience an improvement in their asthma symptoms and lung function, even if they remain dual users, according to a leading health expert.

The study (See: Polosa R, et al. “Effect of smoking abstinence and reduction in asthmatic smokers switching to electronic cigarettes: evidence for harm reversal.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2014; doi:10.3390/ijerph110504965.) was the subject of a blog by Dr. Michael Siegel, a professor in the Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health.

“The study examined 18 smokers with significant asthma who switched to electronic cigarettes,” said Siegel. “Ten of the patients switched completely and eight became dual users (both smoking and using e-cigarettes). Among the dual users, the average cigarette consumption dropped from 22.4 to 3.9 cigarettes per day.

“After one year follow-up, both the ex-smokers and dual users experienced a significant improvement in asthma symptoms and lung function, especially small airways obstruction. Although the improvements in lung function were small, the improvements in asthma symptoms were clinically relevant.”

Siegel said that while the study was preliminary because of the small sample size, it demonstrated that for smokers who were unable to quit smoking using traditional therapies, the use of e-cigarettes might be a viable alternative to help them quit or substantially cut down and might result in improved respiratory health symptoms.

The full blog is at http://tobaccoanalysis.blogspot.co.uk/2014/05/new-study-shows-improvement-in-asthma.html.

Altria declares dividend

| May 15, 2014

Following Altria’s annual meeting yesterday, the company’s board of directors declared a regular dividend of $0.48 per common share, payable on July 10 to shareholders of record as of June 16.

The ex-dividend date is June 12.

At the meeting, the company reaffirmed its 2014 full-year guidance for reported and adjusted diluted earnings per share.

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