Tripling tobacco taxes globally would cut smoking by a third and prevent 200 million premature deaths this century from lung cancer and other diseases, according to a Cancer Research UK review published in the New England Journal of Medicine on Wednesday.
‘Boosting the tax by a large fixed amount per cigarette would narrow the price gap between the most and least expensive cigarettes, so it would encourage people to quit smoking altogether rather than switch to a cheaper brand, and would help stop young people from starting,’ according to a Cancer Research Campaign report.
‘This would be especially effective in low-to-middle-income countries where the cheapest cigarettes are relatively affordable. But it would also be effective in richer countries: France halved cigarette consumption from 1990 to 2005 by raising taxes well above inflation.’
“The two certainties in life are death and taxes,” said the review’s co-author, Professor Sir Richard Peto, Cancer Research UK epidemiologist based at the University of Oxford. “We want higher tobacco taxes and fewer tobacco deaths. It would help children not to start, and it would help many adults to stop while there’s still time.”
Nepal’s Supreme Court has dismissed a petition by tobacco companies and directed the government strictly to implement the anti-tobacco provisions of the Tobacco Product Control and Regulatory Act, according to a story by Ananta Rajluitel for The Himalayan Times.
Section 9 of the Act requires the Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP) to ensure that at least 50 per cent of a tobacco pack’s surface be given over to warnings about the dangers of tobacco use.
The tobacco companies petitioned the court to challenge the MoHP’s mandatory provision that 75 per cent of the surface area be given over to such messages.
But the bench said that since the Act clearly stated that more than 50 per cent of the pack’s surface had to be devoted to health warnings, the MoHP was within its rights to require that 75 per cent be devoted to such messages, keeping in mind the health and welfare of the public.
The bench said the demands of the petitioner companies were against the public health and larger public interest and need not be considered.
Cigar smoking could all but disappear from Britain within little more than a decade if the current decline in the habit continues, according to an Electronic Telegraph story quoting the Financial Times.
The Telegraph story said that UK’s consumption of cigars had fallen by four-fifths over the past two decades and could die out altogether by 2026 on current trends.
Soaring duty rates, bans on smoking in enclosed public places and anti-tobacco campaigns in general are believed to have contributed to the fall in the popularity of cigars.
British smokers bought 2.1 million kg of cigars in 1992 but this fell to 0.4 million kg last year, according to figures from HM Revenue & Customs.
Imperial Tobacco estimates that there are only about 300,000 regular cigar smokers left in Britain, down from 700,000 a decade ago.
Malaysians can be jailed for buying illicit cigarettes under new regulations that took effect on Wednesday, according to a story in The Star.
Amendments to the Control of Tobacco Product Regulations 2004 stipulate that it is not only illegal to sell illicit cigarettes; it is also illegal to buy them.
Under the amendments gazetted in June, the buyer, just like the seller, faces a maximum fine of RM10,000, up to two years in jail, or both.
Bulgaria’s National Association of Tobacco Growers has threatened to stage protests from next week unless sales of classical oriental tobacco start in earnest, according to a Novinite story.
Tsvetan Filev, chair of the association, said on Tuesday that growers wanted tobacco buying companies to start purchasing their ‘Basma-type’ tobacco by January 5.
Otherwise, he said, they would hold mass rallies in front of the companies’ headquarters, block arterial roads, and set fire to bales of tobacco on January 6.
Filev was said to have told Darik radio that so far buyers had bought only 300 tonnes of the 13,000 tonnes of Basma-type tobacco estimated to have been produced.
He said he was concerned that the delay in buying would reduce the tobacco’s quality, 70 per cent of which had been packed into bales.
All of the country’s production of Virginia and Burley tobacco was said to have been bought, along with 60 per cent of the Kaba Kulak oriental tobacco.
After several years of stability, the international market for classical oriental tobacco is in some difficulty. Each of the four countries that grow classical oriental tobacco – Turkey, Greece, the FYR Macedonia and Bulgaria – have this year produced bigger crops than were anticipated.
And, for a number of reasons, the major end-users of oriental tobacco are looking this year to reduce their purchases.
Such a situation is putting downward pressure on grower prices, and this is likely to cause delays to the start of purchasing.
China’s National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) is to follow the example set by the country’s central authorities and build a non-smoking environment in all government-affiliated institutions, according to a story in the People’s Daily.
The General Office of the Communist Party of China’s Central Committee and the State Council, the country’s cabinet, jointly released a notice on December 29 demanding that Chinese officials take the lead in obeying smoking regulations.
The notice, which appeared on the website of the State Council, reiterated that a smoking ban was in force in certain public places. It said that officials were prohibited from smoking in public, including in schools, hospitals, sports venues, and public vehicles. Officials were banned also from offering cigarettes to others at work and from buying cigarettes with public funds.
Mao Qun’an, spokesman for the NHFPC, said all health and family planning department staff would be prohibited from smoking in no-smoking areas, and some staff members would be appointed to prevent others from smoking.
Sales of tobacco products were banned in health and family planning institutions, said Mao, as were tobacco advertisements, promotions and sponsorships.