British American Tobacco has welcomed vaping-product guidelines issued yesterday by the British Standards Institution (BSI).
The guidelines set quality and safety standards for vaping products, including electronic cigarettes and e-liquids.
“We are supportive of the BSI specifications for e-cigarettes and believe that they have the potential to grow this important category by giving the appropriate assurances to consumers on product quality and safety,” said Donato Del Vecchio, head of BAT’s Legal and External Affairs for Next Generation Products.
“Although these specifications are voluntary, we believe that all manufacturers have an obligation to their consumers to deliver the best in product quality and safety.
“As such, we support the principles of the BSI guidelines and we are currently auditing our supply chain to work towards ensuring full compliance to these voluntary standards.
“We’ve always said that we want to see a regulatory framework for e-cigarettes that ensures consumer safety and product quality whilst allowing for the appropriate levels of innovation, marketing and distribution freedoms that we believe are required to enable this important category to grow.
“We are confident in the robust practices and procedures that we have in place around product safety and quality standards for our e-cigarette Vype. We see delivering quality products as vital in ensuring the growth of this important category.”
When compared with non-smokers, smokers have a 36-50 percent reduced risk of contracting Parkinson’s disease, according to a Helsingin Sanomat story citing research carried out in Finland.
The story, relayed by the TMA, said also that consuming coffee reduced the risk of Parkinson’s disease by 33 percent.
The researchers, who were based at the University of Helsinki and the Helsinki University Central Hospital in Finland, said the exact cause of the risk reduction was currently unknown.
They said, however, that drinking coffee and smoking were associated with the growth of the bacterial population in the gastro-intestinal tract, which played a key role in the synthesis of certain vitamins.
The researchers have yet to examine whether there is a causal effect between these simultaneously occurring changes and Parkinson’s disease.
Vapor from two different types of electronic cigarettes had no cytotoxic impact on human airway tissue, according to a eurekalert.org story citing new research published in Toxicology in Vitro (DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2015.05.018).
Scientists at British American Tobacco and MatTek Corporation were said to have used a unique combination of tests to investigate the potential adverse effects of electronic cigarette vapor on airway tissue, along with the adverse effects of cigarette smoke on such tissue.
“By employing a combination of a smoking robot and a lab-based test using respiratory tissue, it was possible to demonstrate the ability to induce and measure aerosol irritancy and to show that the different e-cigarette aerosols used in this study have no cytotoxic effect on human airway tissue,” said BAT spokesperson Dr. Marina Murphy.
This new methodology could be used to help develop product standards for electronic cigarettes in the future.
‘E-cigarette vapour can contain nicotine, humectants, flavourings and thermal degradation products, so it is important to understand the potential impact on biological systems,’ the eurekalert story said. ‘Until now, there have been no aerosol studies of potential adverse effects of e-cigarette vapor on in vitro models that so closely mimic the structure, function and exposure of normal human airway tissue.’
Meanwhile, the results of the research showed that while cigarette smoke reduced cell viability to 12 percent (near complete cell death) after six hours, neither of the electronic cigarette aerosols caused any significant decrease in cell viability.
Despite six hours of continuous exposure, the results in the case of the electronic cigarette vapors were similar to those obtained when control cells were exposed only to air.
The eurekalert story is at: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-07/raba-atr071415.php.
In a reversal of the received wisdom on tobacco tax, the Indonesian government has said that it will not be increasing excise on cigarettes because such a rise might make them unaffordable for many people, according to a story in The Jakarta Globe.
The director general of the Finance Ministry’s Directorate General of Customs (DGC), Heru Pambudi, was quoted as saying that care had to be taken in respect of imposing higher tariffs when cigarette production was declining.
If tariffs were raised, some consumers would not be able to afford cigarettes and production would decline even further. A drop in cigarette production was one of three factors that would hurt overall customs and excise revenue this year.
The DGC, which has raised its revenue target from tobacco excise this year despite missing last year’s target, says that for now it will try only to ensure tobacco companies complied with their excise obligations.
The customs office earned Rp112 trillion ($8.41 billion) from tobacco excise in 2014, short of its target of Rp116 trillion. This year, it has raised its target by more than a quarter to Rp142 trillion.
An excise duty-increase will raise the prices of cigarettes in Nepal from tomorrow, according to a Republica story. A similar increase will affect also alcohol.
The budget for Fiscal Year 2015-16, which the Minister for Finance Ram Sharan Mahat presented on Tuesday, raised the excise duty on cigarettes by up to 11 percent and that on alcohol by up to 10 percent.
The government increased the excise duties on cigarettes and alcohol last year also.
“Though tax rates on most of the products have been left unchanged, the government has slightly increased excise duty on cigarette and liquor,” the Revenue Secretary Nabaraj Bhandari was said to have told Republica.
The Altria Group is due to host a live audio webcast at altria.com from 09.00 Eastern Time on July 29 to discuss its 2015 second-quarter business results. The company will issue a results press note about 07.00 on the same day.
During the webcast, which will be in listen-only mode, chairman, CEO and president, Marty Barrington, and CFO, Billy Gifford, will discuss the results and answer questions from the investment community and news media.
Pre-event registration is necessary, and possible through directions posted at www.altria.com/webcasts.
An archived copy of the webcast will be available on altria.com or through the Altria Investor App. The free app is available for download at www.altria.com/irapp or through the Apple App Store or Google Play.